Many students on my caseload have language difficulties impacting their ability to answer simple questions — a deficit that has the potential for considerable effects on a student’s ability to perform successfully in their educational environment. Think about a typical classroom activity, and the types of things a teacher might say…odds are pretty good that a majority of a teacher’s utterances involve a simple or higher level wh question word (what, where, who, when, why, how, what if?) Reading comprehension is especially dependent on these powerful words (Who is the main character? What happened at the end of the story? Why did they make that decision? What do you think will happen next? Where did the story take place?) Math is also tied to these questions (What is the first step? When do you combine groups?) Because teachers continually elicit responses and assess skills, questions are routinely asked and answered in the classroom. Students with wh question difficulties need training on exactly what the individual words mean and appropriate referents that can be used as an answer. When asked a simple question like, “what did you eat for lunch?” a student with comprehension deficits might answer, “I eat my lunch.” Many times correct answers can be elicited with scaffolded supports such as yes/no questions or given choices. Systematic practice on these types of questions help students to more automatically comprehend the intended meaning and successfully respond. I often use visual supports to provide cues and structured practice on choosing appropriate referents. Here is a visual prompt that I use to prompt students in therapy activities and also to use in their classrooms as a resource during instruction:
To help students differentiate between the types of simple questions, I often use a sorting activity (this activity works very well on my Promethean ActivPanel, where students can drag the pictures to the appropriate column. I also send home the hard copy for practice using verbal responses, or to use as a cut-and-paste activity):
And here are several practice activities I made to address simple wh questions:
I have had good success using simple, Boardmaker-created activities like these to provide structured training on wh question comprehension. As a student becomes more proficient at answering these types of questions, I extend this skill to simple picture scenes, story sequences, and eventually, story recall and comprehension in the classroom. I also spend time educating staff in using wh questions whenever possible, rather than simpler yes/no questions or even just plain directives. For example, instead of saying, “Put that paper in your folder please,” a teacher might instead present, “Ok, where do you think the paper should go?” Embedded opportunities to practice these comprehension skills throughout a student’s day help to reinforce the therapy activities and promote generalization of skills. Finding opportunity is really not a difficult task…questions are everywhere!
Enjoy the resources — click the images to download and thanks for visiting me at LiveSpeakLove!
18 thoughts on “Question-able Material”
These materials are awesome, Lisa! Thank you so much for sharing.
Andrea Fragomeni, SLP from northern Alberta…brrrrr!
You are welcome! Stay warm!!
Thank you so much for sharing. I will be using this next week. I was unable to download the when board.
Sorry, I meant the who board.
Sorry Doreen! I fixed the image link so it should work now. Glad you can use these matarials! ~Lisa
Thank you so much for sharing your resources and love! I’m an American but live in New Zealand and we don’t get so much time to make things. Service is more ‘assess and advise’ putting systems and programmes in schools. I rather miss my little clinic I had in Calif. Will be looking for new things in the future. Cheers
This is so funny! I’m a BCPS SLP and I searched “Wh questions” on Pinterest and found your Wh boards and your blog. Thanks for sharing!
Small world! Glad to see you here. And isn’t Pinterest the best?? Thanks for visiting!
These are wonderful materials! Thanks so much. I am using them in my developmental preschool program to work on asking and answering questions.
Love the format! Thanks for sharing your creativity!
Thank you for sharing your great resources. I found them on Pinterest also.
Thank you for keeping these materials accessible – they were helpful. peace
All those activities are just perfect for what I´m trying to teach. Thanks for sharing.
Thank you so much these activities are just what I was looking for my son with autism 🙂
Thanks for sharing- great visual support
Thank you these are wonderful!
These are absolutely fantastic materials!! Thank you so much! I can’t wait to use in my autism classroom, and share with my SLP!